Environmental Assessments and Transactional Due Diligence
  • PCE Drum

  • Drums

  • Piping Investigation

  • Drilling In Vermont


KAS provides property transaction assessment services to individuals, financial institutions, insurance companies, municipalities, and private developers. The firm is known for providing problem-solving solutions while accommodating challenging transaction schedules. KAS has six environmental professionals (EP) on staff, several of whom have received formal ASTM training in environmental assessment techniques.

Representative Services include:

  • Client-specific methodologies including environmental risk assessment, preliminary transaction screen assessments and preliminary environmental site screening;
  • ASTM Transaction Screening Methodology (ASTM E1528);
  • Phase I Environmental Site Assessments per ASTM E 1527 to identify Recognized Environmental Conditions (RECs); and,
  • KAS’ Phase II Environmental Site Assessment services (ASTM E 1903) range from geophysical evaluations to air, soil and water testing. The Phase II Environmental Site Assessment investigates RECs, identifies if significant contamination is present and its consequences.
Brownfields Redevelopment
  • Two Excavators

  • Moran Plant Closure

  • Windsor Welcome Center

  • BFHS Construction Brownfields

  • Geoprobe Drilling Brownfields

  • Confined Space Entry

KAS provides technical services for Brownfields redevelopment properties. Brownfields are “real property, the expansion, redevelopment, or reuse of which may be complicated by the release or threatened release of a hazardous material.” Petroleum products are also contributors to Brownfields redevelopment properties under certain circumstances.

KAS has been actively engaged in Brownfields redevelopment site work since its inception. We have experience providing diverse consulting services on all levels of Brownfields Redevelopment properties including Brownfields properties which have gone through assessment and cleanup and have received liability release.

KAS has a robust Quality Assurance/Quality Control program complying with state and federal requirements which includes EPA Generic and Site Specific Quality Assurance Project Plans (QAPP), detailed technical protocols and a dedicated Quality Assurance Officer.

Brownfields services offered include:

  • Phase I Environmental Site Assessments per ASTM E1527 and EPA’s All Appropriate Inquiry (AAI) Rules.
  • Phase II Environmental Site Assessments per ASTM E 1903 and applicable state requirements.
  • Corrective Action Plans (CAP) and Analysis of Brownfields Cleanup Alternatives (ABCA).
  • Brownfields Cleanup Design and Implementation.
  • EPA Grant Application Preparation and Review.
  • Site identification and qualification.

KAS has specific Brownfields site expertise regarding:

  • Hazardous and petroleum contaminated properties.
  • PCB contaminated properties.
  • Chlorinated solvent properties including dry cleaners.
  • Comingled contamination.
  • Paper mills and dioxin contamination.
  • Pesticide and Herbicide contamination.
  • Residential, commercial and industrial settings.
Tank Investigation
Moran Plant Dive
Contaminated Site Management and Remediation
  • soil gas monitoring

  • Soil Screening

  • Drilling Contaminated Site Management

  • Logging Drill Cuttings

  • Tank Closure

KAS provides contaminated sites management and remedial services for properties impacted by petroleum and chemical releases. KAS has been actively engaged in petroleum and hazardous sites management and cleanup work since its inception. We have extensive experience providing consulting services for all types and levels of petroleum contaminated properties.

The contaminated sites management work includes:

  • underground storage tank assessments
  • subsurface contaminant site investigations
  • dry cleaning sites investigations
  • groundwater and drinking water monitoring; and
  • soil gas testing

KAS also designs, installs, and operates remediation systems for petroleum contaminated sites. KAS has experience with many different types of remedial technologies including:

  • soil vapor extraction and air sparging
  • high vacuum extraction
  • dual phase extraction
  • interception trench and groundwater treatment
  • in-situ oxygen curtain (iSOC)
  • in-situ chemical oxidation (ISCO)
  • automated free product recovery
  • soil excavation; and
  • indoor air ventilation systems.